Random Plant: Bloodroot

bloodroot

Bloodroot on Big Fork Ridge. Photographed 04/11/2016 at Great Smoky Mountains National Park in North Carolina.

Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis, Papaveraceae) is one of many plants known as a spring ephemeral. Spurred into action by increasing day length in early spring, these plants complete their life cycles in just a few weeks. By the time deciduous trees have leafed out in May, these plants have already gone to seed.

Bloodroot photographed 04/18/2009 near Blissfield Michigan.

A native of eastern North American woodlands, bloodroot gets its name from the red sap stored in its rhizomes.  These underground perennating organs store carbohydrates and water that fuel the above-ground growth.  Rhizomes can spread out over an area and give rise to colonies of plants.  Because of this, plants are often found clustered together.

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About Jeremy Sell

Science and nature nerd.
This entry was posted in Botany, National Parks, Random Plant and tagged , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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